Egypt is one of the historical and beautiful countries in Africa. If you are interested in history and archeology, you would like to see attractions such as the Pyramids of Giza up close once in a while. Read more about Egypt and its tourist attractions below.
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Where is Egypt?
You probably know which continent Egypt is on. Egypt is one of the sights of Africa in the northeast of the continent. The valley and delta of the Nile River in the heart of Egypt was the cradle of one of the most ancient civilizations. The time of the Egyptian pharaohs lasted about 3,000 years until Alexander the Great conquered the region in 323 BC. What we know as modern-day Egypt was conquered by the Romans in 30 BC and was part of the Roman Republic until the Arab Muslims conquered it.
Egypt is located in the sub-Saharan belt of North Africa, it has low rainfall, and its maximum and minimum seasonal and daily temperature differences are large. Throughout the year, the sun shines on the area with all its might. In the desert, sandstorms or dust storms occur, which the Egyptians call khumsin, because they are said to occur 50 days a year. The time of these storms usually occurs from March to June, which causes a sharp rise in temperature from 8 to 11 degrees and a decrease in relative humidity (often up to 10%).
Egypt has 2 seasons; Winters, which last from November to March, are cool and mild, and summers, which last from May to September, are warm. Egypt is very sunny; It has about 12 hours of sunshine in summer and 8 to 10 hours a day in winter.
The official religion and language of Egypt
Islam is the official religion of Egypt and almost all Egyptian Muslims are Sunni. The country has long been a center of Islamic research, and Al-Azhar University in Cairo is one of the most famous Islamic educational institutions in the world. Many Muslims, even those outside Egypt, consider the Sheikhs of Al-Azhar to be the highest religious authorities.
Egyptian people and culture
Egypt’s population is growing rapidly. This has limited Egypt’s resources, as most people live in a narrow strip along the Nile River. Overcrowding in such a small area causes overcrowding and can be seen everywhere, from schools to apartment buildings and hospitals.
Flag of Egypt
The national flag of Egypt is a three-color flag consisting of three horizontal stripes red, white and black. This flag is the flag of the Egyptian revolution, which dates back to the Egyptian revolution in 1952.
The currency of Egypt
The currency of Egypt is the Egyptian Pound or the Egyptian Lira or the Jenya. At present, each US dollar is equal to 27.18 Egyptian pounds.
The economy of Egypt
The Egyptian economy was previously a highly concentrated economy that focused on import substitution under President Gamal Abdel Nasser. Under President Abdel Fattah al-Sisi (since 2014), the country’s economy follows Egypt’s 2030 vision document. The aim of this vision is to diversify the Egyptian economy. Egypt’s economy is the second largest in Africa after Nigeria and ranked 35th in the world in the 2021 world rankings.
Due to the fact that Egypt is ancient, most of its tourist attractions are historical and ancient buildings. In addition to historical attractions, Egypt also has leisure activities such as cruising in coastal cities and cruising tours. When traveling to Egypt, do not miss the opportunity to visit these attractions.
1. The Great Pyramids of Giza
The last surviving of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World is the world-famous Pyramids of Giza. These tombs belong to the pharaohs and are protected by a mysterious statue of the Sphinx.
These pyramids have always amazed Egyptian travelers and are usually at the top of the list of most popular tourist attractions. After arriving in Egypt, most tourists visit this attraction first of all.
These monuments to the pharaohs still create a spectacular view on the edge of the Cairo desert that delights tourists. No one leaves Egypt without seeing these pyramids.
2. Temple of the Palace
The city of Luxor along the Nile River is famous for its attractions such as the Valley of the Kings, the Karnak Temple and the Hatshepsut Memorial Temple, and has many tourist attractions. This ancient city has been the base of pharaoh power and its sights are more than one can see in one visit. Luxor is called the largest open-air museum in the world due to its large number of historical attractions.
If you spend a few days here exploring the colorful murals of the tombs and gazing at the majesty of the huge columns in the temples, you will understand why Qasr always fascinates historians and archaeologists.
3. Cruise tours on the Nile
Egypt is defined by the Nile River. For many tourists, a multi-day cruise on this famous waterway, which witnessed the rise and fall of the Pharaohs, is one of the most fascinating activities to travel to Egypt.
Excursion on the Nile River and watching the sunrise and sunset is the most relaxing way to see the temples that are located on the banks of the river on the way between Luxor and Aswan. Cruise ships stop along this route near some of the old temples.
If you prefer a quieter, more secluded tourist experience, you can explore the Nile with Fluka (traditional Egyptian wooden boats with old sails). Many cruise tours depart from Luxor and Aswan, but Fluca can only be rented from Aswan for a few days.
4. City of Aswan
The quietest city in Egypt is Aswan, which is located along the winding path of the Nile River. With its orange sand dunes in the background, it is a great place to stop and relax for a few days and immerse yourself in the tranquil atmosphere of the city.
Take a boat ride on the river to Al-Fantin Island and stroll through the colorful country streets. Then ride the camel to the desert monastery of St. Simeon on the east coast of Aswan. Afterwards, relax in one of the boat restaurants and enjoy your meal while watching the floccas with old sails.
At sunset, take a hike to Fluka to explore the Aswan Islands. This is the most popular tourist activity in Aswan and the most relaxing way to see the city.
5. Abu Simbel Historical Site
Even in a country full of temples, Abu Simbel is a special attraction. The great temple of Ramses II is guarded by huge statues and its luxurious interior is decorated with frescoes.
Apart from its large size and stonyness, Abu Sembel is known for its unparalleled engineering operations in the 1960s; UNESCO moved the entire temple from its original location to prevent it from sinking under the Aswan Dam.
Today, the tour of Abu Simbel, as much as it is historically significant, also praises the victory of this international effort to save a historical monument.
6. Diving in the Red Sea
Below the surface of the Red Sea, there is another world as attractive as temples and tombs on land. The Red Sea coral reefs are known for both colorful corals and a variety of marine life, from colorful reef fish to sharks, dolphins and turtles.
The most famous city for divers is Sharm el-Sheikh on the Sinai Peninsula, the closest city to the cliffs of Ras Mohammad National Park as well as the cliffs of the Strait of Tiran. There are several diving sites in the area, some for beginners and some for professional divers.
7. Excursion in Islamic Cairo
The narrow streets of the Islamic region of Cairo, the capital full of mosques, Islamic schools and historical monuments, have a special atmosphere. This is the city where you will find the Al-Khalili Labyrinth Bazaar, where coppersmiths and artisans still have small workshops and booths are full of ceramics, textiles, spices and perfumes.
The streets around the bazaar house some of the most beautiful architectural artifacts preserved from Muslim rule. In this city, there is a steep history to discover, from the Al-Azhar Mosque and the spectacular Sultan Hassan Mosque to the roof of the medieval gate of Bob Zovila and the unique views of the minarets that can be seen throughout the region.
8. South Sinai coastal region
The South Sinai region on the Sinai Peninsula is a coastal region for people of all tastes.
Sharm el-Sheikh is a European-style leisure city full of luxury hotels, international restaurants and a range of leisure attractions. Many of the resorts in this area are popular with Europeans and they visit them for sunny winter holidays.
Dahab is a simple coastal city for tourists who want to travel cheaper and go on desert trips and beach adventures. The city is most famous for its cheap diving facilities and attractive coastal area, where surfing and kayaking can also be done.
9. Ancient site of Saqqara
Everyone has heard about the Pyramids of Giza, but these pyramids are not the only pyramids in Egypt. Saqqara is a day away from Cairo and is a large cemetery of tombs and pyramids built during different periods of Pharaonic rule.
The site is best known for its stepped pyramid, which shows how ancient Egyptian architects improved their engineering knowledge to build a true pyramid.
10. Egyptian Museum
The Cairo Museum, a treasure trove of artifacts from the Pharaonic world, is one of the largest museums in the world. This large mansion always hosts numerous exhibitions.
The main and stunning collection of this museum is the golden treasures discovered from the tomb of Tutankhamun in the Valley of the Kings.
Your experiences of traveling to Egypt
If you have any experience of traveling to the mysterious land of Egypt, please write “yeta” in the comments section for other companions. What do you think is the best tourist attraction in Egypt?
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